以 P- 开头的英语词根笔记
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发布于 2022-12-20 / 54 阅读 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞

以 P- 开头的英语词根笔记

pol <-- kwol / kw = p

pole

north pole

south pole

poles apart

polemic

polem = pole + ic.n

  1. fierce polemic

polemics

polem = pole + ics = 术

polar

pol = pole + ar.adj.

polarity

-ity.n

polarize

-ize = 使

polarized

polarization

  1. the increasing polarization between …

pulley

pul = pol = kwol + ey.n

-pen, -pens, -pend, -pon = 1.pay 2. hang

spend

spender

spending

spent

expense

  1. at the expense of …

expenditure

expend

expendable

expensive

pension

compensate

compensation

compensatory

dispense

dispenser

indispensable

dispensable

sponsorship

fee

monetary

penalize

penalty

penal

penance

depend

dependent

dependable

dependence

depending

independent

interdependent

interdependence

dependency

suspend

sus = 下

suspended

suspender

suspension

suspense

appendage

appendix

compendium

impending

pendant

pending

pendulum

pensive

penthouse

perpendicular

propensity

spider

spid = spin + pid = pend + er

stipend

sti = student + pend

-pos , -pon, -pound = put, place

compose

composer

composition

compositional

decompose

component

element

elementary

compound

composite

compost

composure

postpone

dely / decay

deposit

deposition

depositor

withdraw

depose

withdrawal

positive

position

reposition

positioning

post

outpost

postage

postal

postcard

poster

posterior

exterior / interior

post-war

postmodern

postmodernism

postoperative

post-graduate

postseason

postpartum

post-traumatic

posterity

posthumous

posting

post-mortem

postulate

posit / suppose /assume

pose

posture

dispose

disposal

disposition

disposable

expose

exposed

exposure

exposition

impose

imposing

imposition

self-imposed

superimpose

oppose

opposed

opposing

opposite

opposition

oppositional

opponent

propose

proposed

proposal

proposition

proponent

symposium

posit

suppose

supposed

supposedly

supposition

presuppose

purpose

purposeful

purposefully

all-purpose

repose

repository

jaxtapose

jaxtaposition

predisposition

expound

exponent

exponential

exponentially

-ply, -ploy, -ploit, -pli, -plic, -plex, -play = 1. fold 折叠,重合,倍 2. use 使用

apply

applicant

application

applied

appliance

household

applicable

applicability

employ

self-employed

unemployed

employee

employer

employment

unemployment

exploit

exploited

exploitation

explore

exploration

explorer

exploratory

unexplored

deploy

deployment

complicate

complicated

uncomplicated

complication

complex

perplex

perplexed

perplexing

duplex

duplicate

duplication

multiply

multiple

multitude

triple

display

comply

compliance

compliant

unfold

unfolding

eightfold

imply

implication

implicate

implicit

implicitly

explicit

explicitly

inexplicable

inexplicably

reply

playwood

ploy

deploy

employ

complicity

splay

downplay

interplay

-pre, for- = 前,原来

former

formerly

heretofore

forerunner

forefather

forebear

aforementioned

forego

foregoing

before

beforehand

pre-dawn

preheat

prepaid

preschool

preschooler

preseason

pre-service

pre-war

pristine

priest

priestly

priestess

priesthood

pierce

piercing

perforation

prove = 证明,证实

proven

proof

waterproof

foolproof

approve

approval

approved

approving

approvingly

disprove

disapproving

probe = 调查

probe

probing

probation

probable

probably

probability

press

press

  1. press for

pressing

hard-pressed

pressure

high-pressure

express

expressly

expression

expressionless

expressive

expresso

compress

compressed

compression

compressor

impress

impressed

unimpressed

impressive

impressively

impression

impressionist

oppress

oppressed

oppression

oppressive

oppressor

repress

repressed

repression

repressive

suppress

suppression

depress

depressed

depressing

depression

depressive

depressant

anti-depressant

squeeze

squelch

reprimand

reproach

print

printed

printer

printing

printout

imprint

reprint

newsprint

fingerprint

footprint

put = cut strick stamp

amputate

am=ambi + put + ate

amputation

amputee

deputy

de + put (think) + y

dispute

dis + put(think) + e

disputed

undisputed

putative

put (think)

repute

re (repeat) + put (think)

reputable

reputation

pave

pav = pau = stamp

paving

pavement

pit

berate

priv

private

adj.

privately

adv.

privacy

n.

private-sector

n.

privatize

vt.

privatization

n.

privy

adj.

deprive

v.

deprived

adj.

deprivation

n.

proper

properly

adv.

improper

adj.

improperly

adv.

property

n.

propriety

n.

impropriety

n.

proprietor

n.

proprietary

adj.

appropriate

adj.

appropriation

n.

appropriately

adv.

appropriateness

n.

inappropriate

price, preci-, praise-, priz

price

n.vt.

  1. Fame comes at a price.

priceless

adj.

  1. priceless antiques.

pricey

adj.

  1. pricey medical insurance.

pricing

n.

high-priced

over-priced

prize

n.vt.

prize-winning

praise

vt.

appraise

vt.

appraisal

n.

appraiser

precious

adj.

appreciate

vt.

appreciation

n.

appreciative

adj.

depreciate

vi.

  1. depreciate in value

depreciation

n.

porn

n

pornography

n.

  1. anti-pornography drive.

pornograpic

person

personal

personality

n. personal + ity=quality

  1. a woman of great personality.
  2. the radio and television personality.

personnel

n. person + el(n)

  1. skilled personnel
  2. the personnel department

persona

n.

  1. ruin one’s public persona
  2. take on a new persona.
  3. the public persona.

impersonal

adj. im=not + personal

  1. impersonal orphanages
  2. a neat and impersonal room.

impersonate

vt.

personalize

vt.

  1. personalize your office

personalized

adj.

personify

vt. person + ify

  1. personify the values of self=reliance and hard work.
  2. kindness/generosity etc personified.
  3. personify times as an old man.

personification

n.

personable

adj.

  1. a personable entertainer

peri =around

perimeter

n. peri=around + meter=measure

perianal

adj. peri + anal

period

n.

periodic

adj.

periodical

n.adj.

periodically

adv.

para- =beside,around

parameter

n. para + meter

  1. to set/define the parameters
  2. technical parameter

paralyze

v para=beside + lyze=loose

paraphrase

v para+phrase

paradise

n. para=peri + dise=to make, to form a wall

paranoia

n. para=beside + no=noos=mind + ia

  1. the mounting paranoia.

paranoid

adj.

-oid: 像,类型
andr-=anthro =man
android: 安卓,像人

parasite

n. para + site=sito=eat

  1. sitology, sitomania, sitophobia

parasitic

paramedic

n

  1. have a paramedic on every ambulance

paramilitary

adj.n

  1. paramilitary forces
  2. paramilitary groups
  3. paramilitaries and army.

paragon

n

parachute

n. para=defense against + chute=a fall

  1. parasol
  2. open the parachutes
  3. a parachute drop/jump
  4. be parachuted into the company

paratrooper

n.

protest

vt&vi

protester

n.

protestant

n.adj.

protestantism

n.

contest

vt. con + test

  1. contest the elections
  2. beauty contest.

contestant

tester

attest

vt&vi. at=ad=to + test

  1. attest to his courage
  2. be attested by two witnesses.

detest

vt. de=denounce + test

  1. detest each other on sight.

test-retest

n.

  1. test-retest reliability

tested

adj.

  1. clinically tested.

untested

  1. an untested force.
  2. give untested drugs to people

subtest

n.

tentative

adj. tent=test +ative=ate+ive

  1. a tentative plan
  2. a tentative agreement.

tentatively

adv.

psyche- = soul, mind, spirit, life

psyche

n.

  1. the human psyche
  2. the feminine psyche

psychology

n. psycho + logy

  1. research into the psychology of racism.

psychiatry

n. psyche + iatry=treat=healing
chemistry

psychiatric

adj.

  1. a psychiatric hospital
  2. psychiatric treatment
  3. psychiatric disorders

psychiatrist

n.

  1. a consulting psychiatrist

psychic

adj&n

  1. a spiritual healer with psychic powers.
  2. psychic disorders

psychiatric

psychosocial

adj.

  1. complicated psychosocial expectation.

psychotherapy

n. psycho + therapy=treatment

psychotherapist

n.

psycho

n.

psychoanalysis

n.

  1. disciplines as far-flung as poetry and psychoanalysis

psychoanalytic

adj.

analyze v.
analysis n.
analytical adj.

psychometric

adj. psycho + metr=meter + ic

  1. psychometric tests.

psychopath

n. psycho- + path=suffering,disorder

  1. a dangerous psychopath

psychosis

n. psych + osis=abnormal condition

neurosis

psychotic

adj.

  1. psychotic patients
  2. a psychotic disorder/illness

psychedelic

adj. psyche + delic=shine,clear,visible

  1. psychedelic patterns.

perform

vt. per=completely + form=fur=to provide

  1. perform a surgery

performance

n.

  1. college performance
  2. poor academic performance.

high-performance

adj.

  1. high-performance cars/computers/tyres

performer

n.

performing

adj.

outperform

vt. out=over + perform

  1. outperform other investments.

point, pun-, punc- = 刺,戳,扎

point

n.vi.vt

pointed

adj.

pointedly

adv.

pointer

n.

pointless

adj.

pointy

adj.

midpoint

n.

pinpoint

vt.

three-pointer

n.

checkpoint

n.

gunpoint

n.

appoint

vt.

appointment

n.

appointed

adj.

appointee

n.

disappoint

vt.

disappointed

adj.

disappointing

adj.

disappointment

n.

pink

n.adj.v

punch

vt.n

punctuate

vt.

punctuation

n.

puncture

vt.vi.n

acupuncture

n.

poignant

adj.

pungent

adj.

pounce

vi.n

repugnant

adj.

place

n.vt

placement

n.

replace

vt.

replacement

n.

marketplace

n

workplace

n

fireplace

n

someplace

adv.

commonplace

adj.n

displace

vt.

displaced

adj.

displacement

n.

misplace

vt

misplaced

adj.

anyplace

adv.

irreplaceable

adj.

plan

n.vt.vi

planning

n

planner

n.

planned

adj.

unplanned

adj.

plane

adj.n

airplane

n.

warplane

n.

planet

n.

planetary

adj.

planetarium

n.

palm

n.vt

  1. in the palm of one’s hand.
  2. palm oil.

floor

n.vt

  1. he was floored by the announcement.

floorboard

n.

flooring

n.

flag

vt.vi.n

flagship

n

field

vt.vi.n.adj.

fieldwork

n

battlefield

n

airfield

n

cornfield

n

infield

n.adv

minefield

n.

afield

adv.

outfield

n.adv

outfielder

n.

flat

adj.n.adv.adi

flatly

adv.

  1. to flatly deny/reject/oppose sth.

flattened

adj.

flatter

vt.

  1. flatter oneself.

flattering

adj.

flattery

n.

flaunt

vt.

  1. flaunt his wealth.

flounder

vi

flaw

n.v

flawed

adj.

flawless

adj.

flake

vi.n

  1. flake off.
  2. flakes of snow.

flaky

adj.

snowflake

n.

plastic

n.adj.

plank

n.v

placard

n.

plaza

n.

piazza

n.

platonic

adj.

plagiarism

n.

plat = flat

platform

n.

plateau

n.

plate

n.

platter

n.

platelet

n.

plasma

n.

platinum

n.

plain

adj.n.adv.

plainly

adv.

floodplain

n.

explain

vt.vi.

explanation

n.

explanatory

adj.

unexplained

adj.

piano

n.adj.adv

pianist

n.

fluke

n.

clan

n.

plant

n.vt.

plantation

n.

planting

n.

planter

n.

replant

vt.

supplant

vt.

transplant

vt.n

transplantation.

n.

eggplant

n.

implant

vt.vi.n

implantation

n.

plantain

n.

power, pos-, pot-

power

n.vt.

powerful

adj.

powerless

adj.

empower

vt.

empowering

vt.

empowerment

n.

manpower

n.

powerfully

adv.

powerhouse

n.

horsepower

n.

high-powered

adj.

firepower

n.

powered

adj.

powerlessness

n

potent

adj. pot + ent

potency

n.

impotent

adj.

impotence

n.

potential

adj.n. potent=possible + ial

potentially

adv.

possible

adj.n

possibility

n.

possibly

adv.

impossible

adj.n

impossibly

adv.

impossibility

n.

posse

n.

part- =split, slice, slash

part

vt.vi.n.adv

partly

adv

partial

adj.

partially

adv.

partner

n.vt

partnership

n.

part-time

adj.adv.

two-part

adj.

one-party

n.adj.

party

vi.n

third-party

n.

particle

n.

impart

vt.

impartial

adj. im=in=not + partial

partake

vi

parting

n.adj.

partisan

adj.

partisanship

n.

partition

vt.n

apartment

n.

compartment

n.

apart

adv.adj

apartheid

n.

depart

vt.vi

departure

n.

departed

adj.

department

n.

departmental

adj.

participate

vi.

participant

n.

participation

n.

participating

adj.

participatory

adj.

portion

n.vt

proportion

n.

proportional

adj.

disproportionate

adj.

disproportionately

adv.

particular

adj.n

particularly

adv.

particulate

adj.n

particularity

n.

parse

vt. part + sentence

split

vt.n

splitting

adj.

slice

vt.n

sliced

adj.

slash

vt.vi.n

jeopardy

n. jeo=game + pard=part

jeopardize

vt.

par-, pair-, para-, pire = equal

par

n.

  1. on a par with …
  2. to be redeemed at par

pair

n.vt

pairing

n.

peer

vt.n

compare

vt.

comparison

n.

comparable

adj.

comparative

adj.

incomparable

adj.

contrary

adj.

disparage

vt.

disparate

adj.

parity

n.

disparity

n.

umpire

vi.n

impair

vt. im + pair=ped

impaired

adj.

impairment

n.

adequate

adj. ad + equ + ate

adequately

adv.

adequacy

n.

inadequate

v

inadequacy

n.

inadequately

adv.

sufficient

adj. suf=sur=over + fic=do + i + ent

plenty

pron.adv.n plen=full + ty

ample

adj.

equal

adj.n.vt

equally

adv.

equalize

vt.

equity

n.

inequity

n.

equitable

adj.

equality

n.

inequality

n.

unequal

adj.

equation

n.

equate

vt.

equator

n.

equatorial

adj.

equilibrium

n. equ + libr=libra=a balance + ium

fair

adj.adv.n

fairly

adv.

unfair

unfairly

fairness

unfairness

pay

vt.vi.n

payment

n.

payroll

n.

payoff

n.

paycheck

n.

payday

n.

paying

adj.

  1. paying bank.

payer

n.

taxpayer

n.

repay

vi.

adj.

unpaid

adj.

payout

n.

payback

n.adj.

payload

n.

repayment

n.

payable

adj.

page

n.vt.

pager

n.

front-page

adj.

pageant

n.

peasant

n.

pagan

n.adj.

pack

vt.vi.n

packed

adj.

packet

n.

packing

n.

backpack

n.vi.

backpacker

n.

package

n.vt.

packaging

n.

packaged

adj.

unpack

vt.vi

six-pack

n.

peace

n.

peaceful

adj.

peacefully

adv.

peacekeeper

n.

peacekeeping

adj.n

peacemaker

n.

peacetime

n.

pacify

vt.

pacifist

n.

appease

vt.

pace

prep.vt.vi.n

pacemaker

n.

outpace

vt.

fast-paced

adj.

pact

n.

impact

vt.vi.n

compact

vt.adj.

condense

vt.vi

condensed

adj.

condensation

n.

pale

adj.vi.n

palette

n.

fang

n.

impinge

vt.

patio

n.

peel

vt.vi.n

peeled

adj.

peeling

n.vi.

travel

vt.vi

traveler

n.

traveling

adj.

travail

n. tra=tri=three + vail=pale=pole

publ- = public

public

adj.

publicly

adv.

public-relations

n.

publication

n.

publish

vt.

publicist

n.

publicity

n.

publicize

vt.

publicized

adj.

published

adj.

unpublished

adj.

publisher

n.

publishing

n.

republic

n.

republican

adj.n

Democrat

n.

democracy

n. demo=people + cracy=rule

democratic

adj.

undemocratic

adj.

democratically

adv.

democratize

vt.

democratization

n.

-pul , pel, puls- , -pet- = push, force

push

vt.n

push-up

n.

pushy

adj.

pulse

vi.

impulse

n. im=in

impulsive

adj.

compel

vt. com + pel

compelling

adj.

compulsion

n.

compulsive

adj.

compulsory

adj.

propel

vt.

propeller

n.

propulsion

n.

expel

vt. ex + pel = push

expulsion

n.

repel

vt.

repellent

adj.n

repulse

vt.

repulsive

adj.

dispel

vt.

rebel

vi.n. re + bel = fight, war

rebellion

n.

rebellious

adj.

impetus

n. im=in + pet=push + us

-peal = call, to push

appeal

n.vi. ap=ad=to + peal=call

appealing

adj.

appellate

adj.

repeal

vt.n

urge

vt.

urgent

adj.

urgency

n.

urgently

adv.

-suad = to urge

persuade

vt. per + suad + e

persuasive

adj.

persuasion

n.

Polish

n.vt.

polished

adj.

polite

adj.

politely

adv.

politeness

n.

anvil

n. an + vil=to hit

catapult

vt.vi

paint, pict-, pig- = paint

paint

vt.n.

painted

adj.

painter

n.

painting

n.

hand-painted

adj.

repaint

vt.

paintbrush

n.

picture

n.vt.

pictorial

adj.

picturesque

adj. picture + sque=like

dipict

vt.

depiction

n.

pigment

n.

pend-, pond, liber = weigh --> balance, consider,trade off

weigh

vt.

weight

n.vt.

weighted

adj.

weightless

adj.

weighty

adj.

ponder

vt.

pound

n.vt.vi

pounding

n.

preponderance

n.

deliberate

adj.vt.vi

deliberately

adv.

deliberation

n.

prestige

n.adj.

prestigious

adj. prestige + ous

par-, phen-, phas-, fan-, pon- = appear

appearance

n.

reappear

vi.

disappear

vi.

disappearance

n.

disappearing

adj.

apparent

adj.

apparently

adv.

apparition

n.

epiphany

n. epi = to + phan = appear + y

transparent

adj. trans- + par + ent

transparency

n.

peer

vi.n

phenomenon

n. pheno= appear + men=冒出来 + on

phenomenal

adj.

phenomena

n.

phantom

n.adj.

emphasis

n. em=en + pha=appear + sis

emphasize

vt.

emphatic

adj.

emphatically

adv.

fantasy

n. fan=phen + t + asy

fancy

n.vt.

fanciful

adj.

fantastic

adj.

fantasize

vt.

spontaneous

adj. s + pon= appear + tane=time + -ous

spontaneously

adv.

spontaneity

n.

patri- = father

father

n.vt.

grandfather

n. grand- = a generation older than

great-grandfather

n.

stepfather

n.

fatherhood

n.

father-in-law

n.

godfather

n.

patriot

n. patr=father + iot(n. status)

patriotic

adj.

patriotism

n. patriot + -ism

compatriot

n. com- + patri= father

paternal

adj. pater-= patri

paternity

n.

patron

n.

patronage

n.

patronize

vt.

patronizing

adj.

patriarch

n. patri- = father + arch=govern

patriarchal

adj.

patriarchy

n.

expatriate

n.adj. ex- = out + patri- + ate

repatriation

n. re- = back + patri= native land + ation

perpetrate

vt.n. per + petr= father + ate

perpetrator

n.


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